Until the Foundation Freetown Christiania purchased the part of Christiania located outside the borders of the historic monuments on 1 July 2012, the Christiania Law was applicable for the entire Christiania area. After the transfer of buildings and land, the Christiania Law only applied to the area that is still in the state ownership, meaning the ramparts, which are registered as monuments of the past.
The Danish Building and Property Agency manages both the Christiania Law and the agreements that have been entered into with the Foundation Freetown Christiania.
Managing the Christiania Law
According to the Christiania Law, authorisation is required to move into Christiania and to construct new buildings, etc. The Danish Building and Property Agency handles applications for construction and moving in, monitors if buildings are being constructed or moving in takes place without authorisation and follow-up on this, maintains lists of authorisations and construction and have on-going discussions on these issues with Christiania. In addition, the Danish Building and Property Agency assesses whether there is a need for (larger) construction/maintenance and discusses this with Christiania and relevant authorities (primarily the City of Copenhagen and the Danish Agency for Culture).
Going backwards, after having adopted the amendment of the Christiania Law in 2004, the Danish Building and Property Agency has implemented a reporting process, where all who were residents and conducting business at the time, have received individual permits, have had addresses of the buildings drawn up and the registration completed of all buildings (including self-builder houses) in the Danish Building and Dwelling Register.
Implementation of the law's purposes (new forms of organisation and ownership)
The main purpose of the Christiania Law is that the area must cease to be in state ownership (with the exception of the ramparts), and that the ramparts must be restored.
The Danish Building and Property Agency prepares models for new forms of organisation and ownership, assesses economic consequences, legal issues, etc. The Danish Building and Property Agency prepares and conducts negotiations, assists with the political discussions and assesses/analyses the proposals that Christiania presents.
Going backwards, in the extension of the agreement of 24 August 2007, the Danish Building and Property Agency conducted an implementation process, which resulted in completing the building inspection, the contamination inspection, the preparation of the district plan, the creation of foundation, the drawing up of contracts, regulations, the construction of the social housing organisation, etc.
Management of the agreement complex
As part of the implementation of the purpose of the Christiania Law concerning change in ownership of the area, as well as restoration of the ramparts, an agreement was entered into between the state and Christiania on 22 June 2011, which defines the future development of the Christiania area. This agreement resulted in a number of specific purchase and lease agreements between the Foundation Freetown Christiania and the state, as well as an agreement on restoration, maintenance and operation of the monuments of the past.
The Danish Building and Property Agency manages the agreements entered into with Christiania and the foundation and follow up on whether the agreements are complied with. The Danish Building and Property Agency's tasks in connection with this are among other things to ensure that a number of houses are moved in accordance with the agreed, to collect rent for the parts of Christiania, which the foundation leases from the state, as well as to oversee illegal construction on the historic monument and to ensure that the foundation attends to the agreed restoration of the ramparts. In addition, the Danish Building and Property Agency oversees that there is an open and transparent housing allocation in Christiania.